Research homepage Sebastian Mueller, MD, PhD



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Research homepage Sebastian Mueller, MD, PhD

        Nach oben ] Sinusoidal pressure hypothesis ] SPH cellular level ] SPH hemodynamic level ] Liver stiffness conditions ] [ fibrosis assessment by liver stiffness ] Liver stiffness cut-off values ]


 Liver stiffness: a novel parameter for the diagnosis of liver disease  

Sebastian Mueller, Laurent Sandrin

Hepatic Medicine: Evidence and Research Published Date May 2010 , Volume 2010:2 Pages 49 - 67  


The noninvasive quantitation of liver stiffness (LS) by ultrasound based transient elastography using FibroScan® has revolutionized the diagnosis of liver diseases, namely liver cirrhosis. Alternative techniques such as acoustic radiation impulse frequency imaging or magnetic resonance elastography are currently under investigation. LS is an excellent surrogate marker of advanced fibrosis (F3) and cirrhosis (F4) outscoring all previous noninvasive approaches to detect cirrhosis. LS values below 6 kPa are considered as normal and exclude ongoing liver disease. LS of 8 and 12.5 kPa represent generally accepted cut-off values for F3 and F4 fibrosis. LS highly correlates with portal pressure, and esophageal varices are likely at values >20 kPa. Many other factors also increase LS such as hepatic infiltration with tumor cells, mast cells (mastocytosis), inflammatory cells (all forms of hepatitis) or amyloidosis. In addition, LS is directly correlated with the venous pressure (eg, during liver congestion) and is increased during mechanic cholestasis. Thus, LS should always be interpreted in the context of clinical, imaging and laboratory findings. Finally, LS has helped to better understand the molecular mechanisms underlying liver fibrosis.